Diabetes is both Preventable and Reversible

Expert Author S Keiser
Diabetes is a chronic disease that comes with an array of serious health problems. The short list is kidney failure, blindness, loss of limbs and strokes.

Many people are not aware that they have this condition. More than 40 percent of people 20 or older have diabetes or pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes is when you have a condition that will lead to diabetes within a few years. In order to prevent this from happening we have to change the way we approach diabetes and our diets/lifestyles. Removing the cause is what can reverse the disease.

What a lot of people don’t realize is that diabetes is both preventable and reversible.

Type 1 diabetes is not known to be caused by weight gain or obesity. People who are Type 1 diabetics will always need insulin to prevent the high blood sugar that can cause many life threatening health issues. A high nutrient diet / lifestyle is imperative for the Type 1 diabetic. It is essential for health and a lengthy life. Type 1 diabetics can have healthy, normal and long lives.

By integrating a high nutrient diet in to their lives, the diabetic can lower their need for insulin. Their glucose and lipid levels can stay under control with the use of minimal insulin. The goal is for them to require less insulin to manage their diabetes.

I know the word “diet” has negative connotations. Try to not think of it as a diet. But as a lifestyle.

I am going to give you a short overview of the types of things that would be helpful for a high nutrient diet.

• You can have poultry, eggs and oils once a week or less.
• Fish and fat free dairy two times a week.
• The majority of your diet should consist of raw nuts and seeds, fruits, beans and vegetables.

Do your best to avoid sweets, cheese, milk and processed foods.

When you are on a nutrient rich diet your appetite and cravings will be reduced… hence the natural occurrence of weight loss will take place. You will lose weight and feel better. Then you will be motivated to stay on this high nutrient lifestyle. Remember you will feel better so you will now feel like getting some exercise. Exercise is an important factor in all of our lives. A sedentary lifestyle leads to a number of health problems. Get up and get moving as often as you possibly can. With exercise you will see your weight reduce even more.

Change is tough. I know. I’ve been there. But once you get started you will realize that it’s all worth it. Good luck on your venture to rid yourself of diabetes. Remember, only you can do it for yourself.

Children

Author Helen T Dellomes
About 29.1 Million Americans had diabetes and 86 Million adults had pre-diabetes in 2012 according to a report released by the Center of Disease Control and Prevention.

In 2010, these statistics were 28.8 and 79 Million, respectively showing an alarming increase. As incidence of Type 2 Diabetes progress more rapidly in children than in adults and is hard to cure. According to Dr. David Nathan, an author and Director of the Diabetic Center of Massachusetts General Hospital. “It’s frightening how severe this metabolic disease is in children.”

Before 1990, this disease is not prevalent in children. It is hard to treat diabetes in children and teens because the cause is not yet known. The rapid growth and hormonal change in poverty can be the reason but this remains to be proven yet. Usual oral medicines that work in adults are not effective to about 50% of children treated prior to the research.

The issue on such findings is quite alarming as uncontrolled diabetes significantly increases the risk of heart disease, eye problems, nerve damage and kidney failure. A diabetic patient is also prone to amputation and lung disease. The longer the patient had the disease, the greater the risk. Children suffering from diabetes are most likely to have a higher risk than adults with diabetes.

Differences Found in Type 1 and 2 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

This type of Diabetes occurs when the patient’s immune system breaks down and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, a hormone needed to control blood sugar levels. Patients with this type of diabetes need to take a regular dose of insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Type 2 is said to be brought about by an obesity problem plus the inactivity in people with genetic imbalance. People with this type of diabetes has inborn tendency to put on weight and has an insulin-resistant condition. The pancreas of a patient with this condition is still producing insulin though not enough and the body fails to use it properly. High blood pressure and high level of cholesterol often signify this type. Initial treatment is a dietary program, daily exercise and oral medicine. Eventually, patients will be needing insulin as part of their medication.

Obesity as the Link

The alarming increase in the number of diabetic children was noted among Hispanic and black children coming from poor families in 1990. However, there had been reported cases among the American Indians even before that.

Obesity seems to have established a direct link to poor people with diabetes type 2.

2. Patients affected are those coming from families with single parents or children raised by guardians. Mostly came from families with a history of diabetes or with relatives with kidney failures or amputations. Stress also seems to play a lead role on the disease. Patients with this type of diabetes should be easily treated with a well-balanced diet and regular exercise but proves to have no effects on the children with type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes claims its toll on American children as medication seems not to be working well on them. Rapid growth and hormonal growth seem to be the reasons for it but still remains to be seen. The common factor apparent among patients is obesity and genetic disorder. Where will this lead the country in the future if no medication will be discover to cure the deadly disease?

Vegan

Should You Go Vegan To Reverse Diabetes?

Expert Author Paul D Kennedy
The diet I am using to successfully reverse my diabetes is a plant-focused one that is low in sugar, fat and salt, high in fibre and digested slowly. Though I eat some ultra-lean meat and fish, I avoid eggs, any products that include eggs, as well as all dairy products (milk, cream, cheese, yoghurt, etc). I also try to avoid processed foods as far as possible and drink plenty of water.

This diet can be described as quasi-vegetarian. It is helping me to control my blood glucose and beat my diabetes quite effectively.

But, though it is plant-focused, it is not a vegan diet. However, if I eliminated all animal products it would be a vegan diet.

But should I go vegan?

What is a vegan diet?

Vegans avoid all animal foods such as meat, poultry, seafood, eggs and honey, as well as anything that comes from an animal such as milk, cream, cheese, yoghurt, gelatine, colours and by-products.

A properly-constructed vegan diet is ultra-healthy. A research review (an assessment of available previous studies by an expert), which was conducted in 2009, indicated that vegan diets tend to be higher in dietary fibre, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin E, iron and phytochemicals than conventional omnivorous diets. They are also lower in calories, saturated fat and cholesterol.

But vegan diets can also be deficient in omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, calcium, zinc and vitamin B12. Planning a vegan diet so that it includes sufficient quantities of these nutrients can be challenging.

But when it is well-planned, a vegan diet appears to offer protection against some degenerative conditions, such as heart disease. Indeed, vegan diets are regarded as appropriate for all ages by the American Dietetic Association, the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council and Dieticians of Canada.

However, because plant foods do not normally provide vitamin B12 (which is produced by micro-organisms such as bacteria), vegans need to eat food that have been fortified with vitamin B12 or take a B12 supplement.

Becoming a vegan

If you follow a vegan diet you will reverse your diabetes, ie put off almost indefinitely the horrors of heart attacks, strokes, blindness, amputations of the feet, kidney disease and so on that number among the consequences of being diabetic. But going full vegan is not for the faint-hearted.

In fact, veganism can be quite tricky and getting adequate nutrition as a vegan requires a fair degree of knowledge about nutrition.

You will need to be creative in order to ensure that you will get the nutrients you might miss out on, such as essential proteins, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, calcium, zinc and vitamin B12.

You will also have to spend a lot of time researching foodstuffs for understanding so you can decide what to eat and what not to eat, as well as reading food labels when you are shopping.

Here are some of the pitfalls you will have to overcome.

Protein

Proteins have many functions including repairing your bones and muscles, building cells, and helping with your immune system. They are also sources of energy. Thus an adequate supply of protein is essential to good health.

Protein is made up of amino acids. Many of these are synthesised internally by your body. But there are nine amino acids that your body cannot synthesise and these must be obtained in the food you eat. These are called essential amino acids.

Proteins obtained from animal sources contain all nine essential amino acids. Most plants, however, only deliver a few of them. The exceptions are soya, quinoa and hemp.

The remaining plants provide some of the essential amino acids, but the actual combination of these acids varies from plant to plant. As a vegan you need to eat a mixture of plants over the course of a day in order to ensure that you get the full complement of amino acids your body needs.

Here are some of the most important sources of plant proteins for vegans and which are suitable for reversing diabetes:

– quinoa (supplies all nine essential amino acids)

– soya and soya products such as soya milk, tofu and tempeh (also supplies all essential amino acids)

– beans, peas, lentil, chickpeas, kidney beans, etc

– seeds such as pumpkin, sesame and sun flower

– meat alternatives such as textured vegetable protein

Iron

Your body needs iron in order to produce haemoglobin, a substance in red blood cells that makes it possible for them to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. If you suffer from anaemia (being deficient in iron) you will feel weak, tired, and irritable.

There are two forms of dietary iron: heme and non-heme.

Heme iron is derived from haemoglobin. You get it from foods such as red meat, poultry and fish that originally contained haemoglobin. Your body absorbs the most iron from heme sources. However, as a vegan, animal products are off the menu.

Non-heme iron is not absorbed as easily as heme iron. However, it is the form of iron added to iron-enriched and iron-fortified foods.

Non-haem iron is found mainly in the following foods that are suitable for type 2 diabetics:

– fortified foods such as breakfast cereals and wholemeal breads

– tofu

– textured vegetable protein

– wheat germ

– beans, red kidney beans, chickpeas, split peas and lentils

– dark green leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach and cabbage

– peas

– green peppers

– baked potatoes

– rice

– dried fruit such as apricots, raisins, peaches and prunes

You can enhance the absorption of non-heme iron by including a rich source of vitamin C in your meal. Here are some good sources of vitamin C:

– citrus fruits and juices

– Kiwi fruit

– berries of all kinds

– tomatoes

– potatoes

– peppers

– green vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts and spinach

However, even though it is an excellent source of vitamin C you should avoid grapefruit because, according to clinical trials, it inhibits the enzymes that metabolize certain medicines in your intestines. This increases the concentration of these medications in your blood to levels that could be toxic.

These medicines include statins for lowering cholesterol and drugs for controlling blood pressure. Grapefruit also blocks the action of antihistamines and some psychiatric medications. As I am taking statins to control my cholesterol levels, I never touch grapefruit or any other citrus fruit. As you can see from the list above, there are plenty of other good sources of vitamin C.

To ensure that all the non-heme iron you ingest is absorbed, you should avoid adding bran and wheat-germ to meals, as these decrease the absorption of iron from plant foods.

You should also note that the tannins in tea and coffee, as well as calcium, reduce the amount of iron your body can absorb from food. Thus you should not drink tea or coffee or take supplements containing calcium while eating. Instead, enjoy them between meals.

Calcium

Calcium is required for vascular contraction and vasodilatation, muscle function, nerve transmission, intracellular signalling, the secretion of hormones, and the formation of teeth and bones. Adults need about 800mg of calcium a day.

Dairy foods are the major sources of dietary calcium. As a vegan, you avoid dairy products, so you need to find significant alternative sources to meet your daily requirements.

Good plant-based alternative that can be eaten by type 2 diabetics include:

– calcium-enriched soya milk, rice milk, oat milk etc

– calcium-enriched fruit juices and drinks

– calcium-enriched tofu

– calcium-enriched cereals

– Chinese cabbage, kale, and broccoli

– dried fruit such as apricots and figs

– spinach (but its bioavailability-degree to which the body absorbs it-is poor)

Note that most grains only contain small amounts of calcium unless they are fortified. However, they can be useful sources of calcium if you consume them frequently.

Vitamin D

The term vitamin D refers to a group of fat-soluble compounds labelled D1, D2 and D3 which are responsible for enhancing your body’s absorption of calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphate and zinc.

Vitamin D is also essential for the control of cell growth, bone development, neuromuscular function, regulation of the immune system, stabilising moods, and lowering the risk of inflammation.

Your body can synthesize vitamin D3 from cholesterol when your skin is exposed to the sun. But, to synthesise sufficient vitamin D, you need to expose a large expanse of skin (without sunscreen) for 20 minutes a day. This is difficult in northern climates, so most of us don’t get enough vitamin D.

In addition, your body’s ability to synthesise vitamin D declines with age, which is why a majority of older adults are deficient in vitamin D.

A lack of vitamin D can have devastating effects. When your body isn’t absorbing enough calcium because it is not synthesising enough vitamin D, it begins taking calcium from your bones. This interferes with the health of your bones and, if it goes on long enough, leads to osteoporosis.

Thus, whether you are a vegan or not, you need to ensure that you have other sources of vitamin D. Here are some suggestions that are suitable for vegans and type 2 diabetics:

– some fortified brands of milks, yogurts and desserts made from soya (but check the labels for sugar and salt)

– a few fortified breakfast cereals

– mushrooms

– cod liver oil

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is normally involved in the metabolism of every cell in the human body. It has a key role in the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system, and in the formation of blood. Thus vitamin B12 is essential for the maintenance of normal nerve function and healthy blood cells.

This vitamin cannot be made by animals, plants or fungi. Only bacteria and archaea (single-cell micro-organisms) have the enzymes required for its synthesis, although many foods are a natural source of B12 because they contain the necessary bacteria.

Vitamin B12 is naturally found in animal products, including fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and milk products. However it is generally not present in plant foods. So vegans can easily become deficient in B12, with an increased risk of damage to their nerves, and should take vitamin supplements every day. If you are a vegan, you should also have regular blood tests for vitamin B12 deficiency.

Here are some sources of B12 suitable for vegans and type 2 diabetics:

– textured vegetable protein

– fortified dairy alternatives

– breakfast cereals

– fortified brands of rice drinks and oat drinks

– nutritional yeast

– vitamin D supplements (at least 5mcg a day; any excess is excreted in the urine).

Omega 3 fatty acids

We need omega-3 fatty acids for numerous bodily functions, such as controlling blood clotting and building cell membranes in the brain. Omega-3 fatty acids are associated with many health benefits, including protection against heart disease, stroke, and damage to the eyes and nerves.

Our bodies cannot make omega-3 fatty acids, so we must get them through food.

We can get two basic types of omega-3 fatty acids in our diets: [1] alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), from vegetable sources, and [2] eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), both from fatty fish (which vegans cannot eat).

Here are some good sources of omega-3 fatty acids suitable for both vegans and type 2 diabetics:

– vegetable oils made from soybeans, rapeseed (canola), linseed and flaxseed

– some green vegetables, such as Brussels sprouts, kale, spinach, and salad greens

– sea vegetables such as seaweeds

– hempseeds

– DHA supplements made from algae

Our bodies can convert some ALA into the essential EPA and DHA we need but the conversion isn’t very efficient. To optimise the conversion, you should avoid foods that are high in trans-fats and saturated fats (which you will do naturally as part of your diet), and limit oils that are high in linoleic acid, such as safflower, sunflower and corn oils.

As you don’t eat fish, you might consider a supplement made from algae-derived DHA or a linseed-based supplement.

For good health, you need at least one rich source of omega-3 fatty acids in your diet every day. If you are not eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids you should take an omega-3 supplement of 500 mg per day.

Nutritional supplements

If you are serious about eating a vegan diet, you must remember that by not eating any animal products (meat, fish and dairy) you could be missing some vital micro-nutrients from your diet. Thus you should take supplements containing a full range of dietary vitamins and minerals.

I’m a type 2 diabetic and follow a plant-focused but not a vegan diet. Here’s what I take every morning:

– one general all-purpose multivitamin

– a separate tablet containing 4mcg of B12

– a separate tablet containing 400mg of calcium and 2.5mcg of vitamin D

– a separate tablet of high-strength cod-liver oil with vitamins D and E

I also sprinkle a large teaspoon of cinnamon onto my porridge (oatmeal) or other cereal as it seems to have a very positive effect on my blood glucose levels.

Symptoms of Sugar Diabetes

Dangerous Signs and Symptoms of Sugar Diabetes

Expert Author Joey McGuire
Pat, a lady I used to work with, always complained of her legs feeling numb. She always walked slowly, saying it was painful. She talked frequently about her symptoms of sugar diabetes. She had to leave work early on several occasions due to incontinence. She had been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes when she was seventeen.

Pat also made frequent visits to her optometrist. You see, when your blood sugar is very high or even very low, water from the body gets pulled into the lens of the eye which causes it to swell, and causes your vision to blur.

Pat’s condition, however, was somewhat worse than that. Having ignored her symptoms of sugar diabetes for so long, permanent damage to her retina had taken place.

High blood sugar causes the blood vessels in the retina to become thin and weak, forming tiny pouches called micro-aneurisms. Sometimes these areas leak into the retina, causing permanent vision impairment, even blindness.

Another outcome if left untreated is retinopathy. This occurs when the blood flow to the retina is blocked. This can cause the retina to become detached, and usually leads to permanent blindness.

Pat also complained about how slow her wounds would heal. This is one of the more dangerous symptoms of sugar diabetes, in that it creates more opportunities for infection to take place.

When your blood sugar is high, your blood vessels become narrower, meaning they can carry less oxygen and nutrients to the wound. This also lessens the ability of the white blood cells to fight off infection.

Sometimes diabetics have less feeling in the affected area and blisters and other complications can form without their being aware of the fact and reporting it to their doctor. This can delay treatment and cause the situation to worsen rather quickly.

Still another of the dangerous symptoms of sugar diabetes is a numb or tingling sensation, typically in your legs, feet, and toes. Some diabetics feel this as a sharp, jabbing pain that affects them more severely at night. These symptoms occur because the nerves in the body are being damaged. This is called neuropathy.

Another form of neuropathy caused by diabetes is autonomic neuropathy, in which they body’s internal organs are affected. Autonomic neuropathy can cause a whole host of problems, which include the following:

Bladder problems. These can be anything from urinary tract infections to an inability to control your bladder.

Uncontrollable bowels, which can lead to constipation and/or diarrhea.

Gastroparesis, which means the stomach empties slowly, and can cause nausea and vomiting.

Erectile dysfunction in men/Vaginal dryness in women.

Uncontrollable blood pressure and heart rate. Your autonomic nervous system usually monitor and control these without your awareness. Since these nerves are now damaged, however, you can experience sharp drops in your blood pressure when you stand up suddenly which might even cause you to faint.

Diabetes In Men

Type 2 Diabetes – Diabetes In Men

Expert Author Beverleigh H Piepers
Genetic inheritance causes Type 2 diabetes. But factors such as excess weight around the abdominal area, lack of exercise and even the stress of surgery, interact with the genetic risk to trigger the disease. Although it is true people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are found to be insulin-resistant before they actually become obese, sedentary, or undergo surgery.

It is important for men to know the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes in order to lower their risk of developing it. Men over 40 years of age, especially those who are overweight with a waistline of or greater than 40 inches (100 cm), and have a family history of diabetes are the most vulnerable.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is not able to produce enough insulin or the body is not able to properly utilize the available insulin. Insulin is required by the body for glucose absorption by the tissues and cells. Since the glucose or sugar is not absorbed by the body, it remains in the blood stream giving rise to high blood sugar levels.

The problem with Type 2 diabetes is the body can harbor the condition for years before the individual is even aware something is wrong. The symptoms can often be dismissed due to age, weight gain or lack of physical activity. By the time a diagnosis is confirmed, significant change within the body has occurred.

One of the most common issues with diabetes in men is impotence. Unstable blood sugar attacks nerves throughout the body, even in the penis. Diabetes can damage the parasympathetic nervous system so the male cannot get an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. The good news is, like many other complications, once blood sugar levels are brought under control, the condition will likely improve.

Most men have a tendency to carry their excess weight around the abdominal area. But when you see extra fat on a man’s midsection that is only part of the problem: the rest of the fat is packed inside the abdominal area around the:

stomach,
pancreas,
liver,
intestines, and
kidneys.
This can cause a condition know as fatty liver, although diabetes does not cause fatty liver disease. Type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease have a tendency to occur in the same people because the two conditions cause both problems. A fatty liver can cause many complications. Even though the excess fat inside the abdominal area (visceral fat) is crowding all of the organs, the liver is receiving the brunt of the damage.

Other related symptoms of Type 2 diabetes for men to be aware of include:

dry mouth,
increased hunger,
nausea,
vomiting,
weak or blurred vision,
numbness in hands or feet, and
infections of the skin or urinary tract.
Each of these conditions can vary in severity.

As with women, men have to adopt a regimen that includes:

eating a balanced diet of healthy foods,
starting a routine of low-impact exercise, and
checking their blood sugar levels on a regular basis.
Once excess weight is lowered and blood sugar levels remain within a stable range, it is often possible for men to reduce their medication. Some men are able to come off their medication altogether. Don’t make the decision to lower your medication alone, check with your doctor once your body weight and blood sugar levels lower.

overweight

Expert Author Beverleigh H Piepers
Being overweight is a major risk factor for developing Type 2 diabetes – about 30% of people who are overweight will find themselves with high blood sugar and insulin levels and on their way to developing full-blown Type 2 diabetes. And if you do have Type 2 diabetes, losing weight is one of the best things you can do to get your diabetes under complete control and even reverse it.

First, it’s a good idea to check your weight. You can see if you’re considered overweight and, if so, how much weight it’s recommended you lose.

Approximately 80% of people with Type 2 diabetes are overweight. The best way to determine if you’re overweight is to calculate your BMI, or body mass index. This is an index of your weight compared to your height…

First you’ll need to weigh yourself and measure your height…

weigh yourself in the morning, undressed, after going to the bathroom.
You may already know your height, but as it can change over the years, you may want to measure it again.

stand up tall in bare feet against a wall, and make a small mark at the top of your head. Then use a yardstick or tape measure the distance from the floor to the mark on the wall.
Then you can calculate your BMI. Go online and search for “body mass index calculator.” Choose one of the calculators, and enter your weight and height. The calculator will give you a number that is your BMI, and show you what range it falls in. The BMI ranges are…

below 18.5 – underweight
18.5 to 24.9 – normal
25.0 to 29.9 – overweight
30.0 and above – obese
If your BMI falls in the overweight or obese range, then you know this is an area where you can improve your health and your diabetes. Improving your diet, getting more exercise and lowering your blood sugar level, are the best ways to lose weight.

And even if you fall in the normal BMI range, you can benefit from a healthier diet plus more exercise. The only downside to BMI measurements is they don’t take into account your body composition – that is, the amounts of lean tissue and body fat you have. Even normal weight people can have too much body fat. Fat weighs less than muscle, so your weight may be normal although the amount of fat is too high. Improving your diet and getting more exercise can help you add muscle while burning fat. And getting rid of excess fat in the body will help you produce more body insulin and can even reverse your Type 2 diabetes.