Cardiovascular

Type 2 Diabetes – Is Jogging Or Cycling Best To Boost Your Cardiovascular System?

By Beverleigh H Piepers

55 percent of deaths in diabetics are caused by cardiovascular disease. In view of this it is very important for diabetics to be regularly screened for factors linked to atherosclerosis.

Are you looking to boost your cardiovascular fitness level but aren’t sure which form of exercise is going to best do the job?

In the war of cardio machines, it’s often the treadmill and bike that face-off, head to head. Which one will win this race?

In order to best evaluate these two options, it pays to keep a few key points in mind. Let’s look further at what you should know and remember…

1. The Impact Factor. First, one of the most obvious differences between the two forms of exercise is the fact jogging is going to have an impact and cycling is non-impact. Therefore, for anyone who is suffering from knee or back pain, cycling is going to win out.

If you aren’t a fan of cycling, walking is another option that is lower in impact than jogging would be, but then you are also lowering the intensity of the exercise as well. Walking can aid blood circulation plus help keep your blood sugar level down as testing two hours after your meal will show. If you walk after your eat, it means your muscles will demand some of the energy you’ve just consumed.

2. The Strength Factor. Moving along, the next consideration is the strength factor. Cycling is going to have you working against resistance, whereas jogging is not unless you choose to jog uphill. However that will be a really intense workout and not recommended for beginners.

So if you are hoping to gain some muscle strength from your cardio – or are you someone who is not doing any form of strength training, this will make cycling the superior choice.

Do this workout and you will see and feel your legs getting stronger and more defined. With jogging, you’ll improve your cardiovascular health, but that’s about it.

3. The Calorie Burn Factor. Finally, the factor everyone wants to know about – which form of exercise burns the most calories?

The answer to that is jogging. Unless you are cycling at a very intense level with heavy resistance, you will burn more calories minute by minute jogging, as long as your pace is sufficient – at least 6 miles per hour.

But don’t let this be the determining factor of which you do. Always remember the most important factor of all is which one you enjoy most. If you don’t enjoy a particular exercise, it doesn’t matter how great it is, you won’t do it and at the end of the day, that’s what really matters the most.

Anyone who has Type 2 diabetes should get the OK for a new exercise program from their health care provider.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.

no cure for diabetes

There is no cure for diabetes and the consequences are horrendous-heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage, severe digestive problems, persistent infections etc.

However you can avoid these consequences by eating a diet that is (1) low in sugar, (2) low in fat, (3) low in salt, (4) high in fibre, and (5) digested slowly. This means focusing on natural, unprocessed foods that are mostly plants. You also need to avoid eating all dairy products (milk, cheese, butter etc) and all eggs from your diet, and drink plenty of water.

Following this kind of diet is easy when you are at home and have a virtually unlimited choice and therefore full control over what you eat.

What do you do when you are outside your home-on the go, at work or out socialising with friends?

At work

Bringing your own lunch to work in a small plastic picnic box is the smart thing to do. That way you have the same control over what you eat as you do at home.

You can easily make up a nutritious, diabetes-beating lunch of cold beans or other protein (such as lean meat), a mixed salad, and some carbs in the form of wholemeal bread. Or you could go for low-fat hummus with pita bread and carrot sticks.

Snacks are also important at work. Raw carrots or celery cut into short sticks are ideal and are satisfying to crunch on. If you find them a bit boring you can liven them up with low fat dip, such as soy yoghurt.

Fruits-apples, pears, grapes and raisins-can be used for a quick pick-up. Just remember that raisins are dried grapes and packed with natural sugar, so don’t eat too many of them (maximum one-third of the number of grapes you would eat).

There are plenty of non-dairy yoghurts you can add into the snack mix. However, you need to read the labels carefully for added ‘flavour-enhancing’ ingredients, such as sugar, fat and casein, the dairy protein.

Air-popped corn is one of the few processed foods that can be recommended as a snack. It is naturally high in dietary fibre and antioxidants, low in calories and fat, and free of sugar and sodium. The problem is that commercial popcorn contains large amounts of added fat, sugar, and salt which entirely negate its healthfulness. Thus, read the labels carefully before you buy. Or best of all, pop your own corn at home in the microwave. It’s easy.

A delicious, protein-rich snack you can make at home and bring to the office in small resealable plastic bags is roasted chickpeas. Simply preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Rinse, drain, and blot dry a can of chickpeas. Toss the chickpeas with a tablespoon of olive oil and spread them out on a baking sheet. Bake for 20 to 30 minutes or until they look golden brown and crispy.

As a type 2 diabetic you need to stay hydrated and should drink several litres of water over the course of your working day. You can also boost your energy levels with coffee or tea.

But your coffee has to be drunk ‘plain black’, without any sugar. Avoid dairy milk. If you must have it ‘white’, add a non-dairy creamer.

Alternatively you can drink several cups of green tea, another marvellously stimulating drink, a day.

Sandwich shops

If you have not brought your own lunch to work, you can go to a sandwich shop where sandwiches are made to order. Because you choose the bread and decide what goes into them, depending on the choices available, you take back some of the control you have at home over what you are going to eat.

Choose whole-grain breads and wraps for your sandwich, since these have more nutrients than white bread and usually have a lower GI value.

When sandwiches are made to order, you’re able to specify what items to be added in (such as vegetables) and what to leave off, such as fattening mayonnaise or sauce high in sugar.

You should, of course, choose freshly-sliced lean meat over processed (deli) meats, as the latter tend to be high in fat and sodium. Turkey and chicken are your best bets as long as they are not part of a heavy mayonnaise-based salad.

But go easy on bread if you are trying to diet by reducing your carb intake. Instead consider going for soup or putting your protein on a salad. You can also get any carbs you might need from a piece of fruit.

Grocery stores

Nowadays, supermarkets and local grocery (convenience) stores sell ready-to-eat sandwiches and other light meals and snacks, which you can eat on the go. They offer some good choices, especially in the refrigerated section, where you will find perfect delicacies such as popsicles made from frozen low-fat non-dairy yoghurt.

But always read the labels before making your choice.

Raw vegetables such as carrots make great snacks, as most vegetables are low in calories and low in carbs, so the rise in blood sugar they cause will be minimal. Plus they’re a great way to get vitamins and minerals in your diet. Best choices are packets of cut vegetables plus low-fat dips (provided you read the label and eliminate dips containing flavour-enhancers such as sugar or salt).

Or, for another quick snack you can pick up in your local grocery, drop small pieces of fruit into a tub of plain unsweetened non-dairy yogurt.

Short-order joints

Sometimes, when you are out and about with family or friends, it is impossible to avoid burger joints or similar establishments.

The problem is that the average fast-food meal (burger and fries) can deliver 1,000 calories (half the recommended daily intake for an adult) or more. It can also give a massive boost to your blood glucose, as most of these foods, especially the buns and the French fries, have high glycemic index values.

Where an item on the menu is described as “jumbo”, “giant”, or “deluxe” you can be pretty sure that it is high in sugar and fat as well as calories.

Your best bet is to go for a kids’ burger without the cheese. This will deliver a reasonable meal with lower carbs and fat, and plenty of protein. But skip the fries, and go for salad, baby carrots, or apple slices instead.

Alternatively you could try a kebab house and try a shish-kebab (spit-roasted lamb) or similar with a mixed salad in wholemeal pita bread-a far, far healthier choice for a type 2 diabetic.

Coffee shops

Coffee shops are unavoidable if you want any sort of a social life. And there’s no problem-as long as you avoid the jazzed-up specialty coffees that are usually loaded with sugar and cream. You should also ignore the sticky buns.

Your best bet is to keep you drinks order simple. Go for unsweetened tea, American (plain black) coffee or an espresso.

You could also try a ‘skinny’, a latte made with low-fat non-dairy milk. If it is flavoured make sure that the syrup used is sugar-free. Check the nutrition facts to be certain you are getting only what is good for you.

It goes without saying that you cannot indulge yourself with a Danish pastry or other kinds of cakes and confectionery.

However, if you really must nibble, try a toasted scone with raisins. The outside of a lightly toasted scone will be crunchy while the inside should be warm, moist and sweet from the raisins. But don’t eat more than one as it will have a relatively high GI value. And, because it is full of raisins, you don’t need to put any butter or jam on it.

Vending machines

Avoid vending machines. Virtually everything they sell is chock-a-block with sodium, fat and/or sugar.

But if you must have a pick-up from a vending machine, choose a small bar of plain dark chocolate with raisins. But only eat half of it. Give or throw the other half away.

As you can see, sticking to your diabetes-beating diet when you are on the go is not too difficult provided you give the matter a little forethought.

Diabetic Lethargy

How To Deal With Diabetic Lethargy

By Paul D Kennedy

Many diabetics feel, at times, extremely tired, fatigued or lethargic. Having periods when you feel so exhausted that you can only prevent yourself from falling asleep with great difficulty can seriously disrupt your daily live.

This tiredness can be caused by blood glucose levels that are too high or too low. But it can also be due to a dozen or so other causes such as stress, overwork, lack of a good night’s sleep and so on.

The glucose-insulin system

Glucose, a simple sugar, is your body’s primary source of energy. In fact, your muscle cells need glucose all the time so you can talk, walk, run, read a book, think etc.

When your food is being digested, glucose is released from your stomach into your bloodstream and carried to your muscle cells. At the same time, insulin, a hormone (type of chemical), is released into your bloodstream from your pancreas.

Insulin is needed to enable the glucose to enter your muscle cells. To do this, the insulin attaches itself to receptors in the surface of the cells and causes the cell membranes to allow glucose to enter. The cells then use the glucose as fuel.

Of course, if the receptors in your muscle cells are blocked by fat, the insulin will not be able to open them. This is the essential problem faced by type 2 diabetics and is the reason why the only way to beat your diabetes is to eat an extremely low-fat diet designed to unblock the cell receptors.

Causes of diabetic lethargy

Two common reasons for tiredness or lethargy are having blood sugar levels that are too high or too low.

High blood glucose makes your blood ‘sludgy’, which slows your circulation so your cells cannot get the oxygen and nutrients they need, giving you a groggy, drugged feeling. On the other hand, when your blood sugar is too low, there is not enough fuel for the cells to work properly, so you feel jaded.

Blood glucose levels go high when your pancreas is not producing enough insulin (such as when you have type 1 diabetes) or your insulin is not working effectively (as in type 2 diabetes).

In both cases, the sugar in your bloodstream cannot get into your muscle cells so these cells do not receive the energy they need. The result is tiredness.

Either way, you need to confirm that your lethargy or extreme tiredness is in fact caused by blood glucose levels that are too high or too low and not due to some other cause. To do so, all you have to do is test your blood using your home glucose tester when you become tired unexpectedly.

Having bouts of fatigue after meals indicates that you are eating too much carbohydrate or that the carbohydrates you are eating have high glycemic index (GI) values, ie they are digested very quickly and lead to a rapid, high rise in your blood glucose level.

The solution is to reduce the carbohydrates you are eating and/or change to low GI carbs. But when your blood glucose levels are too low, you need to take in more carbohydrate to provide your body with the energy it needs.

Other medical causes of intense fatigue

Diabetes is not the only cause of bouts of sleepiness. In fact, there are more than 15 known causes for fatigue, and too high and low blood glucose constitute only two of these causes.

Other medical conditions that cause fatigue include:

– anaemia, or low red blood cell counts

– thyroid problems

– low testosterone levels, especially in men

– infections

– undiagnosed heart disease

– side effects of medications for various medical conditions

There are at least seven other medical conditions that can cause extreme tiredness.

These medical conditions should be investigated by your doctor if you experience bouts of fatigue when your blood glucose levels are ‘normal’, ie neither too high nor too low.

Non-medical causes of extreme tiredness

There are also many not-entirely medical reasons why you can feel fatigued:

– Lack of sleep or poor sleep

– Rotating shift-work (messes with your body clock and disrupts your sleep)

– Depression (common among diabetics)

– Doing too much and not taking breaks

– Stress

– Eating too much carbohydrate, especially refined carbs

– Drinking too much caffeine (causes fatigue through a rebound effect)

– Not drinking enough liquids

– Lack of exercise (resulting in weak muscles)

– Aging

You are certainly able to exert some control over most of these factors except for the last item. Here’s what you can do.

Six (6) Tips for beating diabetic fatigue

You can beat diabetic fatigue by doing the same things, more or less, that you could do to beat your diabetes. These are:

[1] a diabetes beating diet

[2] staying hydrated

[3] vitamin supplements

[4] regular exercise

[5] treating sleep apnoea

[6] avoiding caffeine

[1] Diabetes-beating diet

The first thing you must do is eliminate all sources of fat as far as possible. Only by minimising your fat intake will you be able to unblock the receptors in your muscle cells and enable your insulin to do its job of getting glucose into the cells.

Minimising the fat in your diet entails eating a plant-focused diet of natural, unprocessed food. If you eat meat you must choose only the leanest cuts and you must exclude all eggs as well as dairy products. Get your protein from leans sources such as beans, tofu, fish, or skinless chicken breasts.

Your diet also needs to be low in sugar. This means not adding sugar to your tea and coffee, and avoiding all sweetened processed foods. You should concentrate on healthy carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

About 85% of diabetics also suffer from abnormally high blood pressure, which is affected by an excessive intake of salt, and their risk of blood pressure related diseases such as heart disease and strokes is greater than non-diabetics who have issues with their blood pressure. Thus you diet must also be low in salt.

Fibre, both soluble and insoluble, is necessary to beating diabetes and diabetic lethargy because, among numerous other benefits, it slows the rate at which sugar is absorbed and makes you feel satiated quicker, so you don’t overeat. Thus your diet also needs to be high in fibre.

Foods that are high in fibre also have low GI values, ie they are digested slowly. Eating foods that are digested slowly is vital in order to avoid sugar rushes, ie rapid rises in your blood glucose that peak at high levels soon after you eat, thus causing diabetic lethargy.

As well as eating food that is low in fat, low in sugar, low in salt and high in fibre, with low GI values, you need to eat smaller meals but more often. Avoid big meals with nothing in between and instead concentrate on a steady trickle of carbs over the course of the day, to keep your blood sugar level steady.

[2] Staying hydrated

You can become fatigued if you are dehydrated, so you also need to drink plenty of water. Aim for two to four litres a day in the form of water, juice, tea, coffee and soy milk. As well as helping your tiredness, this will help you absorb the fibre you eat.

[3] Vitamin supplements

You should also take a full range of quality dietary supplements in order to cover any possible dietary deficiencies you might encounter by avoiding eggs and dairy products (a major food group).

The B vitamins are especially important as they help preserve the health of you nerves. If you have diabetic nerve problems, such as diabetic neuropathy, make sure you’re getting these micro-nutrients. B vitamins will help you get your energy back and mitigate your diabetic lethargy.

[4] Regular exercise

It seems like a bit of a conundrum, but the more you move, the more energy you get. People who take a brisk, daily 30-minute walk are less tired than idle people.

Choose an activity you like, whether walking, gardening, tennis or swimming. Do it for at least 30 to 60 minutes a day. If you can’t spare that much time all at once, break it up into shorter (10-minute) periods of exercise that add up to 30 to 60 minutes a day.

[5] Treating sleep apnoea

Many people with diabetes briefly stop breathing abruptly and briefly several times at night. This sleep apnoea, as it is called, interrupts their sleep. Symptoms include snoring at night, waking up with a headache or sore throat, feeling sleepy during the day and having trouble concentrating.

Sleep apnoea can be treated. And doing so will give you more energy during the daytime.

[6] Avoiding caffeine, especially late in the day.

Caffeine can keep some people awake and disrupt their sleep, though it has never had this affect on me. It can also make it harder to control blood sugar levels, if you overdo it. Thus, if caffeine has an adverse effect on you, you should avoid it, especially in the evenings, to get a good night’s sleep.

DIETING

There is no cure for diabetes and the consequences are horrendous-heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage, severe digestive problems, persistent infections etc.

However you can avoid these consequences by eating a diet that is (1) low in sugar, (2) low in fat, (3) low in salt, (4) high in fibre, and (5) digested slowly. This means focusing on natural, unprocessed foods that are mostly plants. You also need to avoid eating all dairy products (milk, cheese, butter etc) and all eggs from your diet, and drink plenty of water.

Following this kind of diet is easy when you are at home and have a virtually unlimited choice and therefore full control over what you eat.

What do you do when you are outside your home-on the go, at work or out socialising with friends?

At work

Bringing your own lunch to work in a small plastic picnic box is the smart thing to do. That way you have the same control over what you eat as you do at home.

You can easily make up a nutritious, diabetes-beating lunch of cold beans or other protein (such as lean meat), a mixed salad, and some carbs in the form of wholemeal bread. Or you could go for low-fat hummus with pita bread and carrot sticks.

Snacks are also important at work. Raw carrots or celery cut into short sticks are ideal and are satisfying to crunch on. If you find them a bit boring you can liven them up with low fat dip, such as soy yoghurt.

Fruits-apples, pears, grapes and raisins-can be used for a quick pick-up. Just remember that raisins are dried grapes and packed with natural sugar, so don’t eat too many of them (maximum one-third of the number of grapes you would eat).

There are plenty of non-dairy yoghurts you can add into the snack mix. However, you need to read the labels carefully for added ‘flavour-enhancing’ ingredients, such as sugar, fat and casein, the dairy protein.

Air-popped corn is one of the few processed foods that can be recommended as a snack. It is naturally high in dietary fibre and antioxidants, low in calories and fat, and free of sugar and sodium. The problem is that commercial popcorn contains large amounts of added fat, sugar, and salt which entirely negate its healthfulness. Thus, read the labels carefully before you buy. Or best of all, pop your own corn at home in the microwave. It’s easy.

A delicious, protein-rich snack you can make at home and bring to the office in small resealable plastic bags is roasted chickpeas. Simply preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Rinse, drain, and blot dry a can of chickpeas. Toss the chickpeas with a tablespoon of olive oil and spread them out on a baking sheet. Bake for 20 to 30 minutes or until they look golden brown and crispy.

As a type 2 diabetic you need to stay hydrated and should drink several litres of water over the course of your working day. You can also boost your energy levels with coffee or tea.

But your coffee has to be drunk ‘plain black’, without any sugar. Avoid dairy milk. If you must have it ‘white’, add a non-dairy creamer.

Alternatively you can drink several cups of green tea, another marvellously stimulating drink, a day.

Sandwich shops

If you have not brought your own lunch to work, you can go to a sandwich shop where sandwiches are made to order. Because you choose the bread and decide what goes into them, depending on the choices available, you take back some of the control you have at home over what you are going to eat.

Choose whole-grain breads and wraps for your sandwich, since these have more nutrients than white bread and usually have a lower GI value.

When sandwiches are made to order, you’re able to specify what items to be added in (such as vegetables) and what to leave off, such as fattening mayonnaise or sauce high in sugar.

You should, of course, choose freshly-sliced lean meat over processed (deli) meats, as the latter tend to be high in fat and sodium. Turkey and chicken are your best bets as long as they are not part of a heavy mayonnaise-based salad.

But go easy on bread if you are trying to diet by reducing your carb intake. Instead consider going for soup or putting your protein on a salad. You can also get any carbs you might need from a piece of fruit.

Grocery stores

Nowadays, supermarkets and local grocery (convenience) stores sell ready-to-eat sandwiches and other light meals and snacks, which you can eat on the go. They offer some good choices, especially in the refrigerated section, where you will find perfect delicacies such as popsicles made from frozen low-fat non-dairy yoghurt.

But always read the labels before making your choice.

Raw vegetables such as carrots make great snacks, as most vegetables are low in calories and low in carbs, so the rise in blood sugar they cause will be minimal. Plus they’re a great way to get vitamins and minerals in your diet. Best choices are packets of cut vegetables plus low-fat dips (provided you read the label and eliminate dips containing flavour-enhancers such as sugar or salt).

Or, for another quick snack you can pick up in your local grocery, drop small pieces of fruit into a tub of plain unsweetened non-dairy yogurt.

Short-order joints

Sometimes, when you are out and about with family or friends, it is impossible to avoid burger joints or similar establishments.

The problem is that the average fast-food meal (burger and fries) can deliver 1,000 calories (half the recommended daily intake for an adult) or more. It can also give a massive boost to your blood glucose, as most of these foods, especially the buns and the French fries, have high glycemic index values.

Where an item on the menu is described as “jumbo”, “giant”, or “deluxe” you can be pretty sure that it is high in sugar and fat as well as calories.

Your best bet is to go for a kids’ burger without the cheese. This will deliver a reasonable meal with lower carbs and fat, and plenty of protein. But skip the fries, and go for salad, baby carrots, or apple slices instead.

Alternatively you could try a kebab house and try a shish-kebab (spit-roasted lamb) or similar with a mixed salad in wholemeal pita bread-a far, far healthier choice for a type 2 diabetic.

Coffee shops

Coffee shops are unavoidable if you want any sort of a social life. And there’s no problem-as long as you avoid the jazzed-up specialty coffees that are usually loaded with sugar and cream. You should also ignore the sticky buns.

Your best bet is to keep you drinks order simple. Go for unsweetened tea, American (plain black) coffee or an espresso.

You could also try a ‘skinny’, a latte made with low-fat non-dairy milk. If it is flavoured make sure that the syrup used is sugar-free. Check the nutrition facts to be certain you are getting only what is good for you.

It goes without saying that you cannot indulge yourself with a Danish pastry or other kinds of cakes and confectionery.

However, if you really must nibble, try a toasted scone with raisins. The outside of a lightly toasted scone will be crunchy while the inside should be warm, moist and sweet from the raisins. But don’t eat more than one as it will have a relatively high GI value. And, because it is full of raisins, you don’t need to put any butter or jam on it.

Vending machines

Avoid vending machines. Virtually everything they sell is chock-a-block with sodium, fat and/or sugar.

But if you must have a pick-up from a vending machine, choose a small bar of plain dark chocolate with raisins. But only eat half of it. Give or throw the other half away.

As you can see, sticking to your diabetes-beating diet when you are on the go is not too difficult provided you give the matter a little forethought.

Fake DNA

Fake DNA – Will You Be Eating It?

By Paul D Kennedy

Ordinary genetic engineers try to improve natural organisms by moving genes from one organism into another, to create (for example) a tomato that does not bruise easily, while synthetic biologists generate new DNA sequences in order to create (synthetise) new life forms.

To many people this sounds a bit scary. But proponents of synbio believe that the invention of new forms of life will make it possible for mankind to benefit from all kinds of new products and services.

Synbio drug for malaria

Indeed synbio companies have already performed a few minor miracles. For example, Amyris, a company based in California, has used synbio technology to create a new anti-malarial drug.

Malaria is a preventable, curable disease that claims the lives of more than half a million people a year, many of them children under five years of age in Africa. The disease has evolved over the years. It is now resistant to many of drugs that were once effective in treating it. In fact there is only one anti-malarial treatment that still works properly-Artemisinic acid.

Artemisinic acid comes from the wormwood tree, a tropical plant. Amyris figured out how the tree generates the acid and then programmed a strain of yeast to do the same thing.

In 2013, Sanofi-Aventis began using Amyris technology to manufacture artemisinic-based anti-malarial drugs. The only problem is that malaria is developing resistance to these drugs, so both the Amyris synbio version and the natural version will eventually be useless.

Synbio products

Nevertheless, faith and research in synbio is ongoing at a rapidly increasing pace, with many new products being mooted or attempted.

Craig Venter is an American entrepreneurial biochemist and geneticist, one of the first scientists to sequence the human genome and the first to introduce a synthetic genome into a cell. In 2011, he announced that he is synthesising an algae that will use sunlight to release the energy in carbon dioxide.

Should he succeed, carbon dioxide could become a limitless source of energy. Unfortunately Venter has not yet worked out how to grow his synbio algae cheaply enough to make it competitive with fossil fuels.

Other synthetic biologists are equally ambitious.

How’s about medicines tailored to your body’s needs, glowing trees that would replace streetlights, or being able to grow buildings instead of having to construct them?

But don’t expect major breakthroughs like these anytime soon-except in the realm of foodstuffs.

Synbio vanilla

Natural vanilla is obtained from the seed pods of the vanilla orchid. It is a complex blend of compounds, within which the most important component is vanillin.

Vanillin is mainly used as a flavour-enhancer in confectionery and dairy products. It is also used in perfumes and cleaning products, and to mask unpleasant tastes in medicines and livestock fodder.

Because of the cost and scarcity of the natural product, synthetic vanillin, derived from petroleum, is widely used for products such as ice cream. Indeed, synthetic vanillin supplies virtually the whole of the market for vanilla.

Evolva, a Swiss company, has invented a yeast-based fermentation method to produce vanillin and other components found in the vanilla seed pods, as an alternative to existing synthetic vanillin products. The company claims that its synbio product has a superior taste and is cheaper to produce than convention petroleum-based synthetic vanillin.

The first revenues are expected to flow in the second half of 2014, so you can expect synbio vanilla in your ice cream very soon.

More synbio products

Evolva is also about to release a synbio version of resveratrol, a natural compound with anti-oxidant properties found in grapes and cocoa beans.

After that, its next product is expected to be a synbio version of stevia.

Stevia is a substitute for sugar made from the leaves of the stevia plant. Its taste comes on slower and lasts long than that of sugar. It can also be up to 300 times sweeter than sugar, yet it has a negligible effect on blood glucose, making it very attractive for diabetics and people on carbohydrate-controlled diets.

The problem with natural stevia is that sometimes it leaves a bitter aftertaste. A synbio version with a better taste that could replace synthetic chemicals in diet sodas would be welcomed by the beverages industry.

After stevia, Evolva hopes to create more lab-grown analogues, including musk and truffle. Its ambitions even extend to breast milk.

The possibilities of synbio and fake DNA are exciting. What could go wrong with vanillin, resveratrol or stevia brewed by yeast that has had its DNA manipulated?

Nobody knows and probably won’t know until something goes dramatically wrong.

The synbio regulatory void

As synthetic biology is a relatively new field, there are no rules or regulations in the USA or in the EU purposely designed to control synbio products per se. However, current regulations governing more traditional biological research also apply to synbio and its products.

In the USA, four agencies govern research on and the commercial production and use of genetically modified microbes, plants, and food and drugs-the NHI (National Institutes of Health), the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), USDA (US Department of Agriculture) and the FDA (Food and Drug Administration).

Thus there is no one agency with overall control over this new industry in the USA where much of the research is taking place. In addition, many of the controls are very weak. The EPA, for example, requires companies to file a report on novel microbes but doesn’t always make testing compulsory.

In the European Union (EU), regulation relies on the implementation of directives issued centrally by the EU being incorporated into the laws of individual member states. Thus it can take years for new regulations to become legally enforceable throughout the Union. Even then, the strength of the actual rules at state level and the degree to which they are enforced will vary from state to state.

The market for synbio is expected to reach US$13.4 billion by 2019. Yet synbio falls into a regulatory void that can allow products to go from laboratory to supermarket with little or no oversight, simply because they are versions of already-existing compounds.

In America, for example, Evolva expects its vanillin and resveratrol to sail through the FDA’s approval process because they are versions of already-existing compounds that are recognized as safe. So it seems likely that these synbio products will end up on American food-shelves without any special labelling.

The promise of synbio

Nevertheless, synthetic biology holds great promise for curing diseases, creating fuels, developing products and solving countless other problems faced by humankind. It may even save mankind, as some of its proponents seem to believe.

Unfortunately, the risk of improper use of synbio technology, whether accidental or malicious, creates a need for regulation and supervision by a single agency.

But how effectively can synbio, which is characterised by rapid change, exceptional complexity and substantial uncertainty, be regulated and controlled? We’ll only find out sometime in the future.

In the meantime, no fake DNA for me thanks.

Though synbio stevia sounds like it was custom-made for diabetics with a sweet tooth, I’ll avoid synbio products by sticking to the plant-focused natural diet I am using to successfully control my blood glucose and beat my diabetes.

Paul D Kennedy is a type 2 diabetic. He used his skills as an international consultant and researcher to find a way to control his diabetes using diet alone and, about five years ago, he stopped taking medications to control his blood glucose levels. You can find out more from beating-diabetes.com or by contacting Paul at paul@beating-diabetes.com. His book Beating Diabetes is available for download from Amazon or as a printed edition from Create Space online book store.

Wrap Lunch Ideas

Type 2 Diabetes – 4 Great Healthy Wrap Lunch Ideas For Treating Diabetes

achieving and maintaining an ideal body weight,
maximizing the sensitivity of your cells to insulin, and
preventing oxidative and metabolic stress.
Being successful in these goals means focusing on lifestyle and diet; diet especially is fundamental to the successful treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

To help you get started, here are a few new foods you can add to your menu if you are tired of eating the same old boring lunch day after day.

It’s time to liven things up a bit. Wraps are the perfect lunchtime meal choice as they’ll help provide slightly fewer carbohydrates than a typical sandwich and you can fit far more vegetables into the wrap itself.

This makes them an ideal option for anyone with Type 2 diabetes looking to control their blood sugar and body weight.

Plus, there’s plenty of options you can do with a wrap. Let’s go over four great ideas to get you started…

1. Apple and Turkey Wrap. For a sweet tasting lunch, try this delicious wrap. Simply add in…

a couple of slices of turkey breast,
a few slices of a green apple, along with
some red onions, cucumber, and
any lettuce variety you prefer.
Drizzle with a little raspberry vinaigrette and you’re all set.

2. Tuna Avocado Wrap. Next, you can get the delicious taste of tuna salad without all the unhealthy fats by simply swapping out the mayonnaise for some avocado instead. Try mixing together your canned tuna with mashed avocado and adding in some finely diced red pepper.

Place in the wrap along with a few spinach leaves and you have an energy packed meal on your hands.

3. Chicken and Mandarin Wrap. Feel like chicken? Consider this mandarin chicken wrap. Add in…

some diced chicken breast,
a few mandarin orange slices,
some broccoli florets, and
some low-fat mayonnaise smeared over the wrap.

It’s an antioxidant packed mid-day meal to get you through the afternoon.

4. Turkey and Cranberry Wrap. Finally, another sweet way to combine turkey is by adding dried cranberries. Shred the turkey breast meat and then combine with a few tablespoons of dried cranberries and a couple of tablespoons of ultra-low fat mayonnaise.

Add in sliced cucumber, grated carrot, and a few sliced yellow pepper pieces for added taste.

Wrap up and serve.

So don’t overlook the wrap for lunch any longer. Prepare your own in the morning – it’ll take 5 to 10 minutes at most – and you’ll be eating far healthier than if you had decided to just purchase a wrap at the local café.

Always make sure your wrap has a good dose of protein inside along with as many vegetables as you can fit for the healthiest wrap possible.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.

Remarkable Facts And Myths About Body Fat

Body fat: that’s why you’re reading this article. Whether it’s to lose body fat over all or to get a slimmer tummy, you want to look and feel great. Aside from the fact that fat looks bad, your long-term health is directly related to how much excess body fat that you carry.

But, let’s get one thing straight right from the beginning. Body fat in and of itself isn’t bad. You do need some fat on your body for several reasons. But too much body fat can lead to problems.

Myths And Facts About Body Fat.

Fat is the second energy resource in your body. The first is dietary sugars and starches. You must have blood sugar to maintain your body processes. After approximately 10 minutes of heavy work or exercise, dietary energy sources give out. Your body then starts to take energy from the tissues around them which is usually the fat stored in the tissues. It takes this stored fat and converts it into sugar, which is then used for energy.

Fat is what makes a woman curvier and despite cultural and societal “norms” has forced on us through Hollywood and commercials, a woman’s body comes hardwired to have fat stores in certain places, particularly because of her childbearing capacity. While women may fight it, they will store fat around their belly and thighs especially during childbearing years as a built in safety precaution during pregnancy.

Why you cannot lose body fat completely.

Another purpose for body fat is that it insulates you from adverse temperatures – both heat and cold. Like a layer of blankets, fat acts to protect your internal organs from temperature extremes.

Fat is also the main pad on the bottom of your feet as well as the palms of your hands. Imagine walking on your bones for just a minute and then be thankful for fat. It’s also important to note that fat is used to pad organs throughout your body, too. This is a bit like when we stuff paper into a box before sealing it up to keep the contents from shifting around.

The risks of excess body fat.

So now we know we do need some body fat. The problem is obviously that the majority of us carry too much overall body fat, which shows up as a spare tire around our waistline or as embarrassing saddle bags.

People who have excess belly fat often have more difficulty with chronic disease issues. There has been a direct correlation between abdominal fat accumulation and problems with diabetes. Many people are unaware that diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and it is also a major cause of kidney disease.

In addition to this, diabetes increases your chance of having heart disease and suffering from a stroke by almost 400%. Suffering from heart disease is one of the reasons to lose body fat if you’ve got too much of it. When you’re at risk for heart disease, you’re also at risk for stroke. Strokes occur when blood vessels in the brain burst. This can cause death of specific areas of the brain that go without oxygen and nutrients.

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A New Healing Perspective

Diabetes and Disease: A New Healing Perspective

By Jai Kannan

Ask anyone what Diabetes is, the response is well-known. That it is caused by insulin deficiency or insulin resistance. That there are 2 prominent types and it is only a condition and not a disease.

Diets, Exercise and medicines are what traditional therapists provide for living with this condition. Look closer at why we have this condition? Is it genetic alone or are caused by other factors? Let us investigate, together.

The Diabetes could hit us right from our birth or make its way after some years of our existence. Whether it is type 1 or type 2 Diabetes, one thing is common. Your gene expression was corrupt or has been corrupted. As a result your cell functions become abnormal. This either results in non-release of insulin, like in the case of type 1. Or, it could cause insulin resistance. This means, the cells wouldn’t be open to the sugar molecules even if insulin is available. This results in multiple organ damage and eventually would lead to a difficult death.

So, in both cases or in every possible Diabetes, it is our genes which are the saviors or destroyers. What then influences our genes to malfunction? Is there a way out? The answer is “No” in regular western therapy. Yes, in new forms of innovative healing methods which recognize the inclusiveness of the subtle body and physical body when treating patients.

What do I mean by innovative healing methods? Am I referring to Yoga, Qi-Gong or even Tai-Chi?

Though these practices harness Chi and provide good benefits, they can’t be prescribed. The quantum of energy for a treatment can’t be measured. You would only hope to do few things and trust that it would work out.There is still uncertainty with respect to the dosage of treatment and the results. You could hurt yourself, if you overdo it.

What if there is a healing method that would prescribe like Western medicine and provide profound healing like Eastern?

It looks like a good marriage and exists not only for diabetic treatment but for other diseases too. This is an acoustic healing method known by our Ancients and is making its way back. It is based on the understanding of the subtle structures surrounding our human body. Our Human body is surrounded by many unseen layers which were known by our seers. Prescribing precise sounds to heal these envelopes and planes provides quantum results. That is it gives miraculous results from a physical perspective. This provides immense benefit to set right our genes and our well-being.

The proof of the pudding is in the eating. Likewise, the therapy results have been very good. You would be listening to sounds directed precisely to different planes of your subtle body. This isn’t the same as tranquilizing your brain with certain tones. This treatment considers every cell in our body to be possessing its own brain and a corresponding control center in our subtle body. It could take many thousands of years for us to decode the layers of this subtle body. But with intuition this has been known already and treating the subtle treats the physical.

Jai is the founder of PhoneAuric™ Meditation ( Pronounced Fen’auric). This is a gift from his deepest self. It has been given to heal as many people as possible. This would increase the consciousness levels of our Earth Plane and provide immense fillip to our evolution.

Just imagine our earth, free of disease and afflictions. It isn’t a dream anymore. Come and experience the life changing PhoneAuric™ meditation.

Accu Check

When Accu Check Becomes a Necessity

By Danny Sibbai

As one gets older, it is only normal for him to experience some changes in his body. Apparently, such changes may not be welcome at all, especially if he is turning 60 or older. The reason behind this is that it is also at that point in time that one’s immune system gets weak and he becomes more vulnerable to a number of diseases. Among the most common issues that may confront an old individual is diabetes. It is when one’s blood sugar level is abnormally high when he may need a gadget like Accu Check.

Since it may be considered as part of the aging process, having a high blood sugar level may be something that is unavoidable. There could be many factors surrounding this though. It is not just aging that actually triggers diabetes. There are already a lot of people who are affected with such condition even while they are still in their twenties or thirties. High levels in blood sugar could be attributed to the kind of food that one eats regularly. Of course, if one is a sweet-tooth and could not say no to sugar-laden food, then there is high probability of diabetes.

It is may be almost impossible for one to totally avoid sweet and sugary food items. This is because nearly every food sold on the supermarket shelves has sugar in them. Aside from this, there are also certain food items that may not have sugar but still the same effects when digested. These include those food items that are rich in carbohydrates. It is a fact that there are so many staple foods that are loaded with carbohydrates, such as cereals and bread. Under this circumstance, it is quite obvious that totally shunning food that triggers high sugar levels would mean avoiding eating.

What is really important is for the individual to be always aware of the amount of sugar he has already taken into his body. This means that he should be able to determine whether the kinds of food he has eaten has actually triggered a rise in the blood sugar level. If he finds out that it did, he should be quick enough to take the necessary medication. Of course, he also has to immediately stop the intake of sweet foods. This may be a bit difficult though because one could not easily tell how much blood sugar he has.

There are already devices though that allows the individual to check the level of sugar he has in his blood. Accu Check is one such device that does this task. If one already finds out that he is diabetic, it is highly recommended that he considers buying such devices. Such blood glucose meter could save his life.